Thursday, October 22, 2015

A Stuttering Modification Process (part 2 of 2)

The second week focuses on desensitization. The major goal of this segment is to desensitize patients to the expectation and experience of stuttering. This phase include exercises in maintaining eye contact, analyzing reactions to stuttering, and regaining control in stuttering event. In this phase, patients are expected to make modifications in their reactions to stuttering such as avoiding, interjections, and postponing.

The next week uses the cancellation procedure from Van Riper’s technique with introduction and practice processes. This stage teaches patients with slow motion speech with attention given to precise prolongation of natural speed production and the use of pauses. Records have shown that frequency of stuttering have substantial reduction in most patients.

Aside from introduction and practice, the fourth week now employs the pull-outs devised by Van Riper. This is simpler than the process in the previous stage. Patients are trained to gain control of the stuttering event, thus completing the word through slow movement. Most patients rarely have difficulty achieving this process. Often than not, they find such process pleasurable.

In addition, the fourth week involves less outdoor activities and telephone sessions. However, for ensuring their fluency, a 15 to 20 minute public speech is done as an exercise.

Lastly, the final week involves no exercise anymore. It is more of reviewing the sequence of therapy and instructs the patients to work their way backwards. In addition, the therapists further explain the sources of relapse and discuss specific characteristics of a life of a person who stutter.

In a recent survey, this stuttering modification process has been successful so far in many patients.

A Stuttering Modification Process (part 1 of 2)

It is an intensive interval therapy program for people who stutter. First conducted in 1987 Germany, this therapy program was named after Van Riper from whom it took several of its basic underlying principles of treatment.

It is called the Van Riper Program as Intensive Interval Therapy. It is called interval because of its block schedule system—a five-day duration of segments with six to eight weeks between the segments. It is called intensive because of its long period of session during segments—about eight hours a day.

The basic principles of this program involve the preference and utilization of stuttering modification approach over a fluency shaping approach. It also considers motivation and relapse as major difficulties in many adult stuttering therapies. In addition, it believes that therapist plays a lesser role in most adult stuttering therapies.

The Van Riper Program is done in a group—about 12 patients with two therapists. This is often conducted in a church-run boarding house. In Germany, the therapists include Andreas Starke, together with Angelika Engert and Bernd Koppenhagen.

There are five weeks overall in the process. The first week focuses on identification. The two major goals in this initial week are improving the understanding of each patient’s stuttering and making patients understand the basic concepts of speech production. This segment involves a video recording of each patient and recorded ten-minute conversational speech and five-minute reading. This is followed by lectures on speech production and analysis of the video recordings.

Tuesday, October 20, 2015

Finding The Right Online Stock Broker (part 2 of 2)

An application called the streamer, which includes tools for streaming charts, and streaming data should usually be included in your account. This allows you to see behaviors in the stock market, such as the latest real time prices.

There are even streamers that can simply the process by directly allowing you to buy and sell stocks without having to open other websites. Such features can be very helpful in making trades.


It also wouldn’t hurt if you choose an online broker that is more popular and known. In this way, you would be able to review their performance in the market through checking out reviews and hearing what other people have to say.

There is a huge chance that when a broker has achieved popularity, that it performs quite well in the market. Aside from this, popularity may also indicate experience in trading. Of course, you would certainly prefer to get help from a trader that has sufficient knowledge and experience in the industry. Through this, you would at least be assured that you are getting good help in making trades.

Remember to first and foremost consider your needs as a trader and whether or not the broker you are eyeing-on will be able to meet these needs. Financial factors, services, knowledge and experience in the online trading market are very vital for you to garner success in this arena.

Choosing a stockbroker for online trading may certainly be difficult and even overwhelming at times. But as long as you take in mind the important factors mentioned above, then you just might be able to find the right broker that can be of valuable help to you.

Finding The Right Online Stock Broker (part 1 of 2)

The online stock market is a good moneymaking playground to join these days, but often times it may seem all too chaotic and confusing, especially to those who are new to it. With too many options to consider, making decisions in stock trading in this arena can be a challenge, and finding a good online broker to help you make the right choices can just be as difficult.

In choosing an online stock broker, be sure to consider a few of these very important factors that may help you determine whether a broker can truly help you achieve success in trading.


Take note that all brokers charge fees for commissions, which are the costs to trade by buying and selling stocks. You can be charged with a commission fee twice –first when you buy a stock and second when you sell that same stock.

Aside from the commission fee, you will also be charged with a minimum initial deposit, and this can range from $500 to around $10,000. But if the balance in your account is less than the minimum, then your broker may charge a monthly or quarterly fee that may range from around $10 to $20 or higher per payment

Make sure that in choosing a broker, you should first consider that you could actually afford fees that will be charged to you.


Every online broker has a set of tools and features that will be integrated in your trading account. Some trading accounts may even offer you additional features, but sometimes, these may cost you extra. Find a broker that offers you features that you believe will benefit your trading transactions, as well as your budget.

Saturday, October 17, 2015

Skydiving for Beginners (part 2 of 2)

Group Formation

Diving in a formation with a group is considered an art.  This works by diving and creating a formation while in the state of free fall before breaking off and then opening up your parachute as you land back to the surface.  An interesting trivia on this sport is that the world record of skydivers who have performed this is 400 and they were able to stick with their formation for about 4.25 seconds from the height of 25,000 feet in Udon Thai, Thailand. 

Freestyling Solo

This is considered the most entertaining kind of skydive.  This is where skydivers can perform some tricks by doing some acrobatic stunts like rolling, tumbling and other aerial tricks while on freefall before opening their parachute and landing.  Usually skydivers performing this would need a partner skydiver.

The second skydiver won’t be performing stunts but instead their purpose is to film the entire performance from a video camera lodged in their helmet.  This type of dive is in fact a registered competitive sport since 1996 by the FAI.

Free Flying Your Way

This kind of skydiving is also considered an art by which you get to control your body to move in different static positions while on freefall before opening up your parachute and landing safely.  Some moves you need to learn before performing this dive are Sit Flying, Back Flying and Head Down. This will help you control your speed and flight.

Before opening up your parachute you will need to do some exit rolls as you end your free fall so you can land safely.

Skydiving for Beginners (part 1 of 2)

If you dare try the extreme sport of skydiving then you will face the challenge of quite literally diving down from the air and enjoy the spectacular bird’s eye view of the world but not without some safety measures.  Typically this sport requires you to jump from either a helicopter or an airplane from a small airbase called a drop zone.

Falling Back to Earth

Before getting into this spectacular sport you must know that skydivers jump off a plane at the height of 13,000 feet which is equivalent to 4,000 meters.  But that’s not all you will experience a state of free fall temporarily before you can open your parachute which will serve as your break to soften your descent until such time you attain a safe and slow speed to land.

In fact, your parachute doesn’t fully inflate itself until it reaches the height of 2,500 feet.  Part of the reason behind this is that every skydiver follows the rule of having two parachutes.  The first parachute is considered the main one while the second is just back-up just in case something happens to the first.

After your parachute gets fully inflated you can now steer it in wherever direction you want and control your speed using the parachute’s steering lines.  If you’re an experienced diver steering your way accurately to a safe landing is an easy task.  The basis of skydive competitions are the exactness of your landing in a specified spot and the technique of how you landed.

Aside from preparing yourself for a dive from the plane, activating your parachute and free falling down to the surface, there are actually different areas of specializations in this sport.